Contact the organizers: Asian Studies Conference (ASCJ) c/o Institute of Asian Cultural Studies, International Christian University 3-10-2 Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181
This panel takes a multicultural and interdisciplinary approach
to the study of music and music education in Hong Kong, Taiwan
and Japan, where national musical styles enter into a dialectic
with those of the global mass media. More specifically, the panel's
four papers consider fundamental concepts of multicultural approaches
to the study of music and music education. The first reflects
on changes wrought on Hong Kong popular music by the dialectic
between media globalization and resurgent localism. The second
paper examines the complicated interplay of globalization, localization
and sino-philia that determines reforms of Taiwanese music education
in the general context of associated social changes. The third
paper explores the culture of amateur rock bands formed by high
school pupils in Japan, and the fourth discusses the re-creation
of cultural identity in the Japanese school music curriculum,
through its emphasis on endogenous traditional music which enters
into a difficult relationship with the music of the global mass
media. The panel hopes to provide insights into cultural trends
in these Asia-Pacific societies, and into their associated discourse
of social transformation and musical development, both in and
out of schools.
1) Wai-chung Ho, Hong Kong Baptist University. "Between Globalization and Localization: A Study of Hong Kong Popular Music"
Popular music in Hong Kong is the production of a multi-faceted dynamic of international and local factors. Although there has been much attention to its growth from different perspectives, there has been no single study that systematically addresses the complicated interplay of the two interrelated processes of globalization and localization that lie behind its development. The main aim of this paper is to explore how social circumstances mediate musical communication among Hong Kong popular artists and audiences, and contribute to its growing sense of cultural identity - how locality emerges in the context of a global culture and how global facts take local form. Firstly, I attempt to propose a conceptual framework for understanding the cultural dynamics of popular music in terms of the discourse of globalization. Secondly, I will consider local practices of musical consumption and production. Thirdly, this paper will discuss the impact of the global entertainment business on local popular music. I conclude with a summary of the effects of the interaction between globalization and localization on Hong Kong popular music.
2) Wing-Wah Law, The University of Hong Kong. "Music Education in Taiwan: The Dynamics and Dilemmas of Globalization, Localization and Sino-philia"
The paper examines the complicated interplay of globalization, localization and sinophilia that, along with associated social changes, determines reforms of Taiwanese music education today. Students are expected not only to be tri-lingual, insofar as they are obliged to learn English, Mandarin and a local language, such as Southern Fujianese, Hakka, or an aboriginal dialect, but they must also become tri-cultural with respect to Western classical music, traditional Chinese music and indigenous Taiwanese music. The findings of our questionnaires suggest that the processes of globalization, localization and sinophilia are unequal determinants on the transformation of Taiwanese music education. The survey, which was conducted among 2,596 primary and secondary school students (1,309 from Tainan and 1,287 from Taipei) between May to November 2000, shows that schools are less inclined than the Taiwanese government to promote local music. Students in the survey much prefer Western classical and popular musics to local Taiwanese and traditional Chinese styles. They show little interest in promoting Chinese culture or in singing Taiwan's national anthem. By examining the major concerns of music education from the perspective of the complex dynamics of globalization, this study illuminates the tensions and dilemmas facing the music curriculum of Taiwan today.
3) Kyoko Koizumi, Hyogo Teachers College, Japan. " Japanese Amateur Rock Bands: An Ethnographic Study on High School Pupils as Performers"
There have been a series of ethnographic studies on popular
music and amateur
4) Mari Shiobara, Tokyo Gakugei University and Yuri Ishii, Yamaguchi University. "Re-creating Cultural Identity in the Japanese School Music Curriculum"
The rapid development of information technology and the world
economy crossing borders in recent years gives a strong impression
that the world has become compressed and homogenized. Consequently,
recent curriculum reforms in various countries seem to emphasize
the teaching of information technology and modern languages,
both of which will enable learners to be useful resources for
the national well-being in the age of globalization. However,
several scholars point out that globalization is not simply the
compression of the world, but has more complicated aspects that
extend to values and cultures. The state adjusts the cultural
aspect of its curriculum by carefully selecting so called state
Discussant: Koichi Iwabuchi, International Christian University