ASIAN STUDIES CONFERENCE JAPAN

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     Seventh Asian Studies Conference Japan
    Saturday, June 21-Sunday 22, 2003
    Ichigaya Campus of Sophia University

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2003 conference

Contact the organizers: Asian Studies Conference (ASCJ) c/o Institute of Asian Cultural Studies, International Christian University 3-10-2 Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181

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Session 6:
Individual Paper Session: Power and Political Processes

1) Petrice Flowers, University of Tokyo. "International Norms and National Identity: Understanding Japan's (Non)Compliance with the IWC"

The question of state compliance with international law is usually answered by focusing on the scientific, technical, bureaucratic and financial capacity of states to comply (Chayes and Chayes 1993). In this paper I will expand Chayes and Chayes' understanding of state capacity to comply with international law to include not only human and material resources, but ideational resources as well. I will argue that on the issue of whaling, conflict between Japan's state and national identity has hindered an acceptable level of compliance on this issue. Many international law scholars (e.g. Slaughter Burley 1993) offer compliance as an area where bridging international law and international relations could be fruitful; yet, constructivist international relations theorists have not taken up this challenge. This paper will address this gap in the literature and seriously consider the role of identity in state action.

2) Jill Arase Margerison, University of Queensland. "Japan's Changing Security Posture: A Quest for Legitimacy?"

Japan has long had the ability to project substantial global influence in security matters. Despite this capacity, however, it has deliberately exercised strategic restraint towards regional and international military affairs during the post war era. This has simultaneously generated both approval and criticism. Recently, there have been changes to Japan's long-sustained stance of 'one-nation pacifism', reflecting a more constructive and proactive security outlook. This change has revived debate over Japanese strategic intentions and also raised the longstanding question of whether Japan is a militarist or pacifist power. In exploring reasons for Japan's emerging security reassessments, I suggest that it is neither. Rather, greater understanding of Japan's emerging security posture can be accrued by recognizing the constancy of a uniquely Japanese strategic culture.

Currently, as external security trends face considerable change, this debate over the direction of Japanese security behavior has intensified. What is one to make of these changes? How will Japan's policy makers interpret contemporary change and shape new strategic approaches best suited to their country's national interests? The objective of this paper is to provide insight into Japan's projected strategic role and position through an examination of Japan's strategic culture. I will focus on interpreting Japan's policy-making responses towards two recent events; Japan's security posture in the aftermath of September 11th and the current negotiations with North Korea. These two occurrences are notable and worthy of evaluation since they have sparked policy changes on both regional and global levels. They also highlight two different but interrelated security threats; that of the burgeoning asymmetrical, amorphous threat of sub-state actors, with the perhaps more conventional military threat from the still Stalinist North Korean state. In order to interpret the influence that these events have had on Japan's security intentions, this paper draws upon key patterns in Japan's strategic culture.

3) Katsuyuki Takahashi, Waseda University. "Thai 'Communists' and the Peace Movement"

When the threat of the Cold War and nuclear weapons spread after the Second World War, the peace movement began in Europe against them and expanded to Asia. Thai people also joined in the peace movement and launched the Peace Committee of Thailand. The signature-collecting campaign for opposing nuclear weapons, the Korean War, and the sending of troops started. The peace movement resulted in the oppression of itself and the legislation of Anti-Communist Act, which existed from November 1952 to June 2001. The peace movement was a serious threat to the Thai government and the patron; the United States. The movement had political influence on Thai politics to a certain extent. The peace movement which began immediately after the War tended to be branded as a communist movement. The core people of the peace movement in Thailand were also communists or leftists. However, the whirlwind which was opposed to the Korean War rose widely to people, being influenced by memory of the Second World War, socialistic thought and based on the humanitarianism, anti-war feelings and war-weariness. The Peace Committee adopted the signature-collecting campaign, which everyone could get involved in easily, and newspapers also joined. Therefore, people, who desired peace after the War, throughout the whole country and all walks of life, participated in the peace movement. A number of people supported it beyond such ideological exteriors as communism.

4) Yinghong Li, Obirin University. "Modernity, Femininity, and Narrative Divergence"

Until the recent past, discussions of literary modernism in China had been focused mostly on male writers such as Lu Xun who wrote and published during the May Fourth period. Recent studies have pointed to the much untapped territory of female writers of the same period of time whose writings are equally important in regard to their engagement with Chinese modernity. Although equally immersed in the struggle of moving China into a modern society the writings by these women writers, however, present a different perspective of the modernizing experience from their male counterparts. This paper will discuss the works of Ding Ling, Ling Shuhua, and Lu Ying, three representative female writers of the modern era in mainland China, to show how they engage with modernity from women's point of view. In particular, this paper will look at how gender experiences are seen as crucial to literary representations of the multifarious scope of modernity. By focusing on their exploration of the female Bildung plot, this paper will demonstrate how these women writers establish a female modern tradition that diverges from the conventional male modern tradition. Through their concerns with issues such as female subjectivity and gender identity, their choice of narrative focalizer, the use of the first-person narrator, the use of particular forms such as diaries and letters, their attention to seemingly lesser themes and concerns, their minute and precise observation of female psychology, and, most importantly, their critique of gender-conditioned culture, they successfully "write gender into modernism."

5) Zhou Fang, University of Michigan. "The Deregulation of the Chinese Economy: The Case of the Telecommunications Industry"

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