pmjs logs for December 2003. Total number of messages:17

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* One-year position in Japanese language & literature, U of Delaware (Lawrence Marceau)
* Genji and kissing (Michael Watson, Lawrence Marceau, I.J.Parker, Mary Louise Nagata, Michael Wood, Rajyashree Pandey)
* E-text of the Juho-yojin-shu (Iyanaga Nobumi)
* New version of "multiformat_nisus" (Iyanaga Nobumi)
* PhD scholarship announcement - London
* Kyoto training 04 (Jonah Salz)
* Heian Kambun Workshop at USC July 12-Aug 6, 2004
* fellowships at USC in premodern Japanese studies
* new members: Jens Sejrup, Klaus Kracht, Holly Ueda

Selected messages have been translated for Japanese subscribers.
See digest no. 11 and nihongoban index.

Date: Tue, 02 Dec 2003 14:54:54 -0800
From: "Susan B. Klein" <>
Subject: [pmjs] Blind Kyogen Plays (Zato)

A week or two ago Stephen Miller queried about Zato Kyogen plays. I was a bit busy, and then the modem on my laptop died, but checking in from school after a week or so I don't see any references to Jacqueline Golay's article in Monumenta Nipponica:

"Pathos and Farce: Zato Plays of the Kyogen Repertoire" MN Volume 28, Issue 2 (Summer 1973), 139-149.

Available on JSTOR. She discusses Tsukimi-Zato, Mari-zato, Kawakami-zato. Robert Kahn mentioned the translation of Tsukimi-Zato in Don Kenny's <The Kyogen Book>; note that Kawakami is also translated in that book, under the title "Sight Gained and Lost."

If someone has already sent this info out to the list, my apologies for the repetition!


Date: Wed, 3 Dec 2003 12:40:12 +0900

From: Michael Watson <>

Subject: [pmjs] Genji and kissing

A read-only member has sent me a question that I thought would be interesting to throw open to the list as a whole.

Michael Watson

I'm doing my undergraduate thesis on manga adaptations of the Tale of Genji,
and I had a question I was wondering if you or someone on the PMJS mailing
list might be able to answer.

I've found scenes of Genji kissing in three or four of the thirteen
adaptations I've been examining. My question: is this historically

Clearly there is no mention of this in the original text, but I was under
the impression that it simply wasn't done during the Heian period. It
certainly wasn't done openly until the post-war period and the earliest
mention of it I've been able to find so far is a mention of touching lips as
an obscure geisha art and Oda Junichiro's translation of the word 'kiss' as
'lick' (both mentioned in Lesley Downer's Women of the Pleasure Quarters,

Thank you for your time.

Brendan Elliott
CWRU Japan Connection, President
Computer Science and Japanese Studies
4th Year Undergraduate, Case Western Reserve University

Date: Wed, 03 Dec 2003 07:10:47 -0500

From: Lawrence Marceau <lmarc...@...l.Edu>

Subject: [pmjs] Re: Genji and kissing

In Tosa nikki there is a passage that goes:

Tada oshiayu no kuchi wo nomi zo suu. Kono suu hitobito no kuchi wo, oshiayu mo shi omou you aramu ya.

McCullough translation in Classical Japanese Prose, p. 77:

People simply kissed the lips of pressed salted trout. Do you suppose the trout found it romantic?

While indirect, this passage certainly indicates that "mouth sucking" (kuchisui), at least, was recognized amorous conduct. It was also clearly private, and the kind of public, social kissing, (kissing the cross, kissing the Pope's ring, etc.) as practiced in medieval Europe, was not part of cultural practice.

Lawrence Marceau


Subject: [pmjs] Re: pmjs digest: kissing in ancient Japanese texts

I expect someone else will comment on this with better examples, but the tenth century ISHINPO contains a section on sexual practices which includes kissing in the repertoire.


Date: Thu, 4 Dec 2003 07:38:33 +0900

From: Mary Louise Nagata>

Subject: [pmjs] Genji and kissing

In the "Otogi zoshi" tale "Mono kusa Taro" there is mention of "seppun",
which I always thought meant "kiss". Correct me if I am wrong. I am sorry
not to give a more accurate reference, but I am away from access to my full
library and am unable to look it up.

ML Nagata

Date: Wed, 03 Dec 2003 19:43:08 -0500

From: Lawrence Marceau <lmarc...@...l.Edu>

Subject: [pmjs] Re: Genji and kissing

In two places in Monokusa Tarou there is mention of "kuchi wo suu," both revealing the protagonist's uncouth and vulgar nature.

L. Marceau

Date: Wed, 03 Dec 2003 18:46:08 -0800

From: Michael Wood <>

Subject: [pmjs] Re: Genji and kissing

I have seen woodblock prints of kissing (kuchi suu), but it seems to be a
relatively rare "art." Edo period castaways who spent time in Western
countries (primarily Russia, North America, Hawaii, Philippines, and Mexico)
often comment on the custom of kissing. One passage in particular describes
how in 1814, a certain castaway was locked in a room with several
prostitutes during an extended stop over in Sitka. The Russia America
Company's representative (Baranof) was trying to bribe the castaway into
staying on in Sitka to serve as an assistant to the company and help
facilitate securing trading rights with Japan. Here the castaway claims in
somewhat horrific terms, how he was "licked" on his face and lips by these
large aggressive women. Although by the end of the passage it is far less
clear whether he in fact felt assaulted or actually enjoyed this experience.
This, coupled with extended commentary on this custom of kissing found in
other accounts, suggests that it was relatively rare even in late Edo.
michael wood
doctoral candidate
EALL, University of Oregon

Date: Thu, 4 Dec 2003 03:18:42 -0800 (PST)

From: Rajyashree Pandey <>

Subject: [pmjs] Re: Genji and kissing

We should perhaps first distinguish between *actual*
practices in the Heian period and literary
representations of the kind found in Genji monogatari.
Clearly 'kissing' was known in the Heian period. As
Parker san points out, the Ishinhou talks about the
benefits of kissing - taking the saliva from one's
sexual partner was seen as being medically
efficacious. Clearly kambun texts such as
Shinsarugakuki are much more open about talking about
sexual positions in a way that would be unthinkable
for Genji monogatari. So it seems to me that the
question is not so much what was known or actually
done but rather what could or could not be
Raj Pandey

Date: Mon, 15 Dec 2003 23:33:43 +0900
From: Iyanaga Nobumi <>
To: Multiple recipients of pmjs <>
Subject: [pmjs] E-text of the Juho-yojin-shu
Status: RO


I uploaded the e-text of the Juhoo-yoojin-shuu, an (in)famous document which describes in detail the sexual ritual of what is used to be called the "Tachikawa-ryuu" branch of the Shingon school (on this text, cf. James Sanford, "The Abominable Tachikawa Skull Ritual", Monumenta Nipponica, 1991-1, p. 1-20). My claim is that this is not a practice of the Tachikawa-ryuu (I have just presented a paper on this subject at the meeting of the Nihon-bukkyoo soogoo-kenkyuu-gakkai, that was held on Dec. 14 [yesterday]; and I am writing a paper that is supposed to be published in the next issue of the journal of this society). But anyway, the text itself is VERY interesting. I added some notes to the text, so that this web publication is more than a mere OCRed e-text from a published book. The notes are still very fragmentary, but I think they are better than nothing.

Anyway, I hope this web publication will give rise to interests of researchers in this text. Here is the url:

Best regards,

Nobumi Iyanaga

P.S. I will cross-post this message to the PMJS mailing list.
Apologies in advance to those who receive this more than once.

Date: Mon, 15 Dec 2003 23:33:51 +0900

From: Iyanaga Nobumi <>

Subject: [pmjs] New version of "multiformat_nisus"


I just uploaded a new version of my "multiformat_nisus". Having upgraded to the new version of Mac OS X (v. 10.3.1, "Panther"), I discovered that some of the scripts no longer worked. So, I made a new version (v. 0.7.1), in two packages, one compatible with OS 10.2x, and another compatible with OS 10.3x. I took this opportunity to add some new features. You will find the details in my web page:

Here is what I wrote about this macro/script set some months ago:

On Jul 13, 2003, at 2:45 AM, Nobumi Iyanaga wrote:

.... I wrote a new web page and a set of
macro/scripts which may perhaps help Classic Nisus Writer users to
migrate to the new Unicode environment in Mac OS X. For researchers
in the field of Buddhist studies or Asian studies, who have to
write multilingual text (English, transliteration of Asian
languages, and Japanese or Chinese, etc.), the transition from old
format files to the Unicode environment is not easy, especially
because they had to use non-standard diacritical fonts. On the
other hand, when you convert your files to Unicode, all the style
information will be lost (while the Classic Nisus file format has
the unique feature of being at the same time plain text, and styled

This is the problem I tried to address in my new page. I propose to
add very simple "tags" to Classic Nisus files, so that the
conversion to Unicode will be easy, and when converted, the basic
style info will be preserved in these tags. In the course of this
work, I realized that it is not very difficult to generate not only
Unicode files from these marked-up files, but also other format
files, like html, rtf and TeX. Of course, nothing very
sophisticated is implemented. You will have to add lists, tables,
etc. manually to the generated files. But at least footnotes are


I hope that my web page and macro/script set will be useful for some
of you.
Please write me if you have any suggestions, bug reports, etc.

Best regards,

Nobumi Iyanaga

P.S. I will cross-post this message to the Nisus mailing list and the PMJS mailing list. Apologies in advance to those who receive this more than once.

Date: Wed, 17 Dec 2003 07:42:56 +0900

From: Michael Watson <>

Subject: [pmjs] PhD scholarship announcement

PhD scholarship announcement:

Prof Drew Gerstle (SOAS), Mr. Tim Clark (British Museum) and Prof AKAMA Ryo
(Ritsumeikan) have received a grant from the British Arts and Humanities
Board (AHRB) for a research project on 'Creating Celebrity: Kabuki Actors,
Poets and Artists in 19th Century Osaka and Kyoto'. One aim is to have an
exhibition at the British Museum and two Japanese venues in 2005. The grant
includes a three-year PhD scholarship (at SOAS) for a student to work on a
topic related to this project, and to work with the project leaders. The PhD
thesis should relate to Kabuki and the visual arts. There are some
eligibility requirements set by the AHRB (see their website
Please contact Drew Gerstle ( for further information.

Drew Gerstle
University of London
Russell Sq.
London WC1H OXG UK

Date: Wed, 17 Dec 2003 21:44:47 +0900

From: Michael Watson <>

Subject: [pmjs] Re: PhD scholarship announcement

I've been told that not everyone could access the web address given in the announcement for the scholarship at SOAS.

The top page for the AHRB (Arts and Humanities Research Board) can be found at
Click on the link on the word "postgraduate" for eligibility requirements.

Date: Wed, 17 Dec 2003 21:44:47 +0900
From: Michael Watson <>
Subject: [pmjs] Re: PhD scholarship announcement

I've been told that not everyone could access the web address given in the announcement for the scholarship at SOAS.

The top page for the AHRB (Arts and Humanities Research Board) can be found at
Click on the link on the word "postgraduate" for eligibility requirements.

Date: Wed, 17 Dec 2003 12:56:44 -0500

From: (Jonah Salz)

Subject: [pmjs] Kyoto training 04


Traditional Theater Training
July 17-Aug 6, Arts Center

20th annual Kyoto Performance Institute
Applications now being accepted

Applications are now being accepted for a special three-week training
course in Kyoto July 17-Aug 6, 2004. Participants may choose to study noh,
kyogen, or nihonbuyo daily from 6 p.m.-9 p.m., with a recital on August 6.
Designed for first-time students of Japanese arts and veterans wishing to
go deeper, for artists and teachers, Japanese and non-Japanese, these
intensive, daily lessons will offer an unprecedented compression and

Classes will be held in air-conditioned studios within the Kyoto Art
Center, Shijo-Muromachi in downtown Kyoto. Participants are limited to 8
persons per class. No Japanese language ability is needed (kyogen requires
basic Japanese conversational ability).

Shingo Katayama, Hiromichi Tamoi, and Noboyuki Oe of the Kanze school will
teach noh, short dances (shimai) and song (utai). Senrei Nishikawa of the
Nishikawa school will teach nionbuyo folk and kabuki-based classical
dances. Akira Shigeyama of the Okura school teaches kyogen, short dances
(komai) and the play Shibiri (Cramps!).

Applications including educational and artistic background, statement of
purpose, and a photograph are due March 10 or until courses are filled.

T.T.T. was founded in 1984 to bridge the barriers of time, language, and
money that make studying traditional Japanese forms difficult for
short-term students. Since then 180 students from 18 countries have

For further information, please write:
T.T.T. 2002/Kyoto Art Center 546-2 Yamafusiyama-cho, Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto,
604-8156 JAPAN Tel 075-213-1000 Fax 075-213-1004
or Program Director Jonah Salz
Jonah Salz
Faculty of Intercultural Communication
Ryukoku University, Seta, Shiga 520-2194

(thru 4/04) Visiting Fellow, Center for Humanities
Wesleyan University Middletown CT 06457
editor's note: the link did not work when last checked. See the top page:
Date: Wed, 24 Dec 2003 00:18:11 +0900
From: Michael Watson <>
Subject: [pmjs] Heian Kambun Workshop at USC July 12-Aug 6, 2004

The University of Southern California History Department

Project for Premodern Japan Presents:


July 12-August 6, 2004

The History Department of the University of Southern California in Los Angeles announces the first of its series of summer workshops on reading kambun for graduate students and faculty. Professor Tomoyasu Kato of the University of Tokyo Historiographical Institute will lead the 2004 workshop on Heian historical material. The main language of the workshop will be Japanese. Sessions will be held Monday through Friday from July 12 to August 6. Participants will be housed in apartments adjacent to the USC campus.

Cost of the program--fee and lodging including only the noon meal--will be about $2700. Some fellowship aid will be available, but applicants should first request aid from their home universities. Workshop participants will need fluency in spokenJapanese, general knowledge of classical Japanese, and should have completed a basic course in kambun or classical Chinese. See the link on the USC History Department webpage
for an application form.

For further information, please contact Professor Joan Piggott,

History Department, Social Science Building,

University of Southern California, Los Angeles,CA 90089-0034

telephone 213-821-5872; email <>

Date: Wed, 24 Dec 2003 00:21:28 +0900

From: Michael Watson <>

Subject: [pmjs] fellowships at USC in premodern Japanese studies

The Department of History and
the Project for Premodern Japanese Studies at the
University of Southern California
PhD Program Merit Fellowships for 2004-5

Students holding a bachelor's degree may apply for a fully funded course of graduate study leading to conferral of the PhD degree. Successful candidates will have funding opportunities for five or more years, and receive support for needed summer language study and research travel. Because there are no teaching responsibilities for the first two years, students can devote themselves solely to the language and disciplinary training required to conduct independent dissertation research on topics related to premodern Japanese studies.
At USC, students will have the opportunity to work closely with Japanese and other East Asian specialists in a wide variety of fields including history, literature, religion, geography, linguistics, and art history. They will have full access to the rapidly expanding collections of the USC East Asian Library. Students have the additional option of doing supplementary course work at UCLA and freely using the UCLA libraries. The vibrant East Asian presence in the greater Los Angeles community also provides a rich array of East Asian-based cultural events and institutions, and students are encouraged to take full advantage of this dynamic urban setting. USC is a member of the consortium that operates the Inter-university Center for Advanced Japanese Language Training in Yokohama, Japan, where students can also pursue advanced language work.

For further information, contact as soon as possible:

Professor Joan R. Piggott
in the History Department at USC,
Social Sciences Building 153
Los Angeles, California 90089-0034
Phone: 213-740-1657

Information on doctoral study in history at USC is available on the world wide web at

Date: Fri, 26 Dec 2003 17:21:39 +0900
From: Michael Watson <>
Subject: [pmjs] new members / member news

We welcome three new members to pmjs.

Jens Sejrup <>
University of Copenhagen, Denmark
I am an MA student at University of Copenhagen, majoring in Japanese and Comparative literature. My main fields of interest are classical Japanese literature and language, and I have written, among other things, on the narrative structure of the Genji, the use of intertext in classical Noh, tradition and modernity in court poetry, and am currently writing on the role of hybridity and intertext in Murakami Haruki. I am also employed by the department as a teacher of Japanese language to the 1st year students.

Klaus Kracht <>
Berlin Humboldt University, Center of Japanese Language & Culture
Professor of Japanese language & culture
Main area of research: pre-modern and modern thought

Holly Ueda <>
affiliation = Tokyo joshi idai
I have a Masters degree in Japanese Studies from the University of Arizona. I am interested in continuing my education in Japanese history and literature.

CHANGE of affiliation

Hans Bjarne Thomsen <>
Faculty in the Department of Art History at the University of Chicago. Currently working on painters and printmakers of early modern Japan salon culture, particularly those of eighteenth-century Kyoto/Osaka.

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