Era names (”N † nengou). Sources: Daijirin, The New Nelson, etc.

This page is in S-JIS encoding. As diacritics cannot be used, long vowels are written ou and uu. For the same information with long vowels marked by macrons, see Unicode version.

Genchuu (1384-92) and Meitoku (1390-94) overlap because of they come at end of the division between the Northern and Southern dynasties. Also on this page: list of era names of the Northern dynasty. For year by year charts see 701-1599 or 1600-1989 For recent eras in more detail see Meiji-Heisei charts.

Long vowels have been marked as they would be entered to type Japanese: "ou" and "uu". I prefer -nb- and -np- to -mb- and -mp-. Apostrophe ignored in alphabetization. Don't forget you can use the browser "find" function for searching. Text edited on Macintosh using HyperCard scripting. [top index]

chronological order: by starting date alphabetical order
645 ‘剻 Taika
650 ”’è³ Hakuchi
686 Žé’¹ Hakuhou
701 ‘å•ó Taihou
704 Œc‰_ Keiun
708 ˜a“º Wadou
715 —ì‹T Reiki
717 —{˜V Yourou
724 _‹T Shinki
729 “V•½ Tenpyou
749 “V•½Š´•ó Tenpyou-kanpou
749 “V•½Ÿ•ó Tenpyou-shouhou
757 “V•½•óŽš Tenpyou-houji
765 “V•½_Œì Tenpyou-jingo
767 _ŒìŒi‰_ Jingo-keiun
770 •ó‹T Houki
781 “V‰ž Ten'ou
782 ‰„—ï Enryaku
806 ‘哯 Daidou
810 Om Kounin
824 “V’· Tenchou
834 ³˜a Shouwa
848 ‰ÃË Kajou
851 mŽõ Ninju
854 Ät Saikou
857 “VˆÀ Tennan
859 ’åŠÏ Jougan
877 Œ³Œc Genkei
885 m˜a Ninna
889 Š°•½ Kanpyou
898 ¹‘× Shoutai
901 ‰„Šì Engi
923 ‰„’· Enchou
931 ³•½ Shouhei
938 “VŒc Tengyou
947 “V—ï Tenryaku
957 “V“¿ Tentoku
961 ‰ž˜a Ouwa
964 N•Û Kouhou
968 ˆÀ˜a Anna
970 “V˜\ Tenroku
973 “V‰„ Ten'en
976 ’匳 Jougen
978 “VŒ³ Tengen
983 ‰iŠÏ Eikan
985 Š°˜a Kanna
987 ‰i‰„ Eien
988 ‰iâN Eiso
990 ³—ï Shouryaku
995 ’·“¿ Choutoku
999 ’·•Û Chouhou
1004 Š°O Kankou
1012 ’·˜a Chouwa
1017 Š°m Kannin
1021 Ž¡ˆÀ Jian
1024 –œŽõ Manju
1028 ’·Œ³ Chougen
1037 ’·—ï Chouryaku
1040 ’·‹v Choukyuu
1044 Š°“¿ Kantoku
1046 ‰i³ Eishou
1053 “VŠì Tengi
1058 N•½ Kouhei
1065 Ž¡—ï Jiryaku
1069 ‰„‹v Enkyuu
1074 ³•Û Jouhou
1077 ³—ï Shouryaku
1081 ‰i•Û Eihou
1084 ‰ž“¿ Outoku
1087 Š°Ž¡ Kanji
1094 ‰Ã•Û Kahou
1096 ‰i’· Eichou
1097 ³“¿ Joutoku
1099 N˜a Kouwa
1104 ’·Ž¡ Chouji
1106 ‰Ã³ Kajou
1108 “Vm Tennin
1110 “V‰i Ten'ei
1113 ‰i‹v Eikyuu
1118 Œ³‰i Gen'ei
1120 •ÛˆÀ Houan
1124 “VŽ¡ Tenji
1126 ‘厡 Daiji
1131 “V³ Tenshou
1132 ’·³ Choushou
1135 •Û‰„ Houen
1141 ‰iŽ¡ Eiji
1142 NŽ¡ Kouji
1144 “V—{ Ten'you
1145 ‹vˆÀ Kyuuan
1151 m•½ Ninpei
1154 ‹vŽõ Kyuuju
1156 •ÛŒ³ Hougen
1159 •½Ž¡ Heiji
1160 ‰i—ï Eiryaku
1161 ‰ž•Û Ouhou
1163 ’·Š° Choukan
1165 ‰i–œ Eiman
1166 mˆÀ Ninnan
1169 ‰Ã‰ž Kaou
1171 ³ˆÀ Shouan
1175 ˆÀŒ³ Angen
1177 Ž¡³ Jishou
1181 —{˜a Youwa
1182 Žõ‰i Juei
1184 Œ³—ï Genryaku
1185 •¶Ž¡ Bunji
1190 Œš‹v Kenkyuu
1199 ³Ž¡ Shouji
1201 Œšm Kennin
1204 Œ³‹v Genkyuu
1206 Œš‰i Ken'ei
1207 ³Œ³ Jougen
1211 Œš—ï Kenryaku
1213 Œš•Û Kempou
1219 ³‹v Joukyuu
1222 ’剞 Jouou
1224 Œ³m Gennin
1225 ‰Ã˜\ Karoku
1227 ˆÀ’å Antei
1229 Š°Šì Kanki
1232 ’å‰i Jouei
1233 “V•Ÿ Tenpuku
1234 •¶—ï Benryaku
1235 ‰Ã’õ Katei
1238 —ïm Ryakunin
1239 ‰„‰ž En'ou
1240 mŽ¡ Ninji
1243 Š°Œ³ Kangen
1247 •óŽ¡ Houji
1249 Œš’· Kenchou
1256 NŒ³ Kougen
1257 ³‰Ã Shouka
1259 ³Œ³ Shougen
1260 •¶‰ž Bun'ou
1261 O’· Kouchou
1264 •¶‰i Bun'ei
1275 ŒšŽ¡ Kenji
1278 OˆÀ Kouan
1288 ³‰ž Shouou
1293 ‰im Einin
1299 ³ˆÀ Shouan
1302 Š£Œ³ Kengen
1303 ‰ÃŒ³ Kagen
1306 “¿Ž¡ Tokuji
1308 ‰„Œc Enkyou
1311 ‰ž’· Ouchou
1312 ³˜a Shouwa
1317 •¶•Û Bunpou
1319 Œ³‰ž Gen'ou
1321 Œ³‹œ Genkou
1324 ³’† Shouchuu
1326 ‰Ã—ï Karyaku
1329 Œ³“¿ Gentoku
1331 Œ³O Genkou
1334 Œš• Kenmu
1336 ‰„Œ³ Engen
1340 ‹»‘ Koukoku
1346 ³•½ Shouhei
1370 Œš“¿ Kentoku
1372 •¶’† Bunchuu
1375 “VŽö Tenju
1381 O˜a Kouwa
1384 Œ³’† Genchuu
1390 –¾“¿ Meitoku
1394 ‰ž‰i Ouei
1428 ³’· Shouchou
1429 ‰i‹ Eikyou
1441 ‰Ã‹g Kakitsu
1444 •¶ˆÀ Bunnan
1449 •ó“¿ Houtoku
1452 ‹“¿ Kyoutoku
1455 N³ Koushou
1457 ’·˜\ Chouroku
1460 Š°³ Kanshou
1466 •¶³ Bunshou
1467 ‰žm Ounin
1469 •¶–¾ Bunmei
1487 ’·‹ Choukyou
1489 ‰„“¿ Entoku
1492 –¾‰ž Meiou
1501 •¶‹T Bunki
1504 ‰i³ Eishou
1521 ‘å‰i Daiei
1528 ‹˜\ Kyouroku
1532 “V•¶ Tenmon
1555 OŽ¡ Kouji
1558 ‰i˜\ Eiroku
1570 Œ³‹T Genki
1573 “V³ Tenshou
1592 •¶˜\ Bunroku
1596 Œc’· Keichou
1615 Œ³˜a Genna
1624 Š°‰i Kan'ei
1644 ³•Û Shouhou
1648 ŒcˆÀ Keian
1652 ³‰ž Jouou
1655 –¾—ï Meireki
1658 –œŽ¡ Manji
1661 Š°•¶ Kanbun
1673 ‰„•ó Enpou
1681 “V˜a Tenna
1684 ’勝 Joukyou
1688 Œ³˜\ Genroku
1704 •ó‰i Houei
1711 ³“¿ Shoutoku
1716 ‹•Û Kyouhou
1736 Œ³•¶ Genbun
1741 Š°•Û Kanpou
1744 ‰„‹ Enkyou
1748 Š°‰„ Kan'en
1751 •ó—ï Houreki
1764 –¾˜a Meiwa
1772 ˆÀ‰i An'ei
1781 “V–¾ Tenmei
1789 Š°­ Kansei
1801 ‹˜a Kyouwa
1804 •¶‰» Bunka
1818 •¶­ Bunsei
1830 “V•Û Tenpou
1844 O‰» Kouka
1848 ‰Ã‰i Kaei
1854 ˆÀ­ Ansei
1860 –œ‰„ Man'en
1861 •¶‹v Bunkyuu
1864 Œ³Ž¡ Genji
1865 Œc‰ž Keiou
1868 –¾Ž¡ Meiji
1912 ‘吳 Taishou
1926 º˜a Shouwa
1989 •½¬ Heisei
An'ei ˆÀ‰i 1772-1781
Angen ˆÀŒ³ 1175-1177
Anna ˆÀ˜a 968-970
Ansei ˆÀ­ 1854-1860
Antei ˆÀ’å 1227-1229
Bunchuu •¶’† 1372-1375
Bun'ei •¶‰i 1264-1275
Bunji •¶Ž¡ 1185-1190
Bunka •¶‰» 1804-1818
Bunki •¶‹T 1501-1504
Bunkyuu •¶‹v 1861-1864
Bunmei •¶–¾ 1469-1487
Bunnan •¶ˆÀ 1444-1449
Bun'ou •¶‰ž 1260-1261
Bunpou •¶•Û 1317-1319
Bunroku •¶˜\ 1592-1596
Bunryaku •¶—ï 1234-1235
Bunsei •¶­ 1818-1830
Bunshou •¶³ 1466-1467
Chougen ’·Œ³ 1028-1037
Chouhou ’·•Û 999-1004
Chouji ’·Ž¡ 1104-1106
Choukan ’·Š° 1163-1165
Choukyou ’·‹ 1487-1489
Choukyuu ’·‹v 1040-1044
Chouroku ’·˜\ 1457-1460
Chouryaku ’·—ï 1037-1040
Choushou ’·³ 1132-1135
Choutoku ’·“¿ 995-999
Chouwa ’·˜a 1012-1017
Daidou ‘哯 806-810
Daiei ‘å‰i 1521-1528
Daiji ‘厡 1126-1131
Eichou ‰i’· 1096-1097
Eien ‰i‰„ 987-988
Eihou ‰i•Û 1081-1084
Eiji ‰iŽ¡ 1141-1142
Eikan ‰iŠÏ 983-985
Eikyou ‰i‹ 1429-1441
Eikyuu ‰i‹v 1113-1118
Eiman ‰i–œ 1165-1166
Einin ‰im 1293-1299
En'ou ‰„‰ž 1239-1240
Eiroku ‰i˜\ 1558-1570
Eiryaku ‰i—ï 1160-1161
Eishou ‰i³ 1046-1053
Eishou ‰i³ 1504-1521
Eiso ‰iâN 988-990
Enchou ‰„’· 923-931
Engen ‰„Œ³ 1336-1340
Engi ‰„Šì 901-923
Enkyou ‰„‹ 1744-1748
Enkyou ‰„Œc 1308-1311
Enkyuu ‰„‹v 1069-1074
Enpou ‰„•ó 1673-1681
Enryaku ‰„—ï 782-806
Entoku ‰„“¿ 1489-1492
Genbun Œ³•¶ 1736-1741
Genchuu Œ³’† 1384-1392
Gen'ei Œ³‰i 1118-1120
Genji Œ³Ž¡ 1864-1865
Genkei Œ³Œc 877-885
Genki Œ³‹T 1570-1573
Genkou Œ³‹œ 1321-1324
Genkou Œ³O 1331-1334
Genkyuu Œ³‹v 1204-1206
Genna Œ³˜a 1615-1624
Gen'ou Œ³‰ž 1319-1321
Gennin Œ³m 1224-1225
Genroku Œ³˜\ 1688-1704
Genryaku Œ³—ï 1184-1185
Gentoku Œ³“¿ 1329-1331
Hakuchi ”’è³ 650-654
Hakuhou Žé’¹ 686-
Heiji •½Ž¡ 1159-1160
Heisei •½¬ 1989-
Houan •ÛˆÀ 1120-1124
Houei •ó‰i 1704-1711
Houen •Û‰„ 1135-1141
Hougen •ÛŒ³ 1156-1159
Houji •óŽ¡ 1247-1249
Houki •ó‹T 770-781
Houreki •ó—ï 1751-1764
Houtoku •ó“¿ 1449-1452
Jian Ž¡ˆÀ 1021-1024
Jingo-keiun _ŒìŒi‰_ 767-770
Jiryaku Ž¡—ï 1065-1069
Jishou Ž¡³ 1177-1181
Jouei ’å‰i 1232-1233
Jougan ’åŠÏ 859-877
Jougen ³Œ³ 1207-1211
Jougen ’匳 976-978
Jouhou ³•Û 1074-1077
Joukyou ’勝 1684-1688
Joukyuu ³‹v 1219-1222
Jouou ³‰ž 1652-1655
Jouou ’剞 1222-1224
Joutoku ³“¿ 1097-1099
Juei Žõ‰i 1182-1184
Kaei ‰Ã‰i 1848-1854
Kagen ‰ÃŒ³ 1303-1306
Kahou ‰Ã•Û 1094-1096
Kajou ‰Ã³ 1106-1108
Kajou ‰ÃË 848-851
Kakitsu ‰Ã‹g 1441-1444
Kanbun Š°•¶ 1661-1673
Kan'ei Š°‰i 1624-1644
Kan'en Š°‰„ 1748-1751
Kangen Š°Œ³ 1243-1247
Kanji Š°Ž¡ 1087-1094
Kanki Š°Šì 1229-1232
Kankou Š°O 1004-1012
Kanna Š°˜a 985-987
Kannin Š°m 1017-1021
Kanpou Š°•Û 1741-1744
Kanpyou Š°•½ 889-898
Kansei Š°­ 1789-1801
Kanshou Š°³ 1460-1466
Kantoku Š°“¿ 1044-1046
Kaou ‰Ã‰ž 1169-1171
Karoku ‰Ã˜\ 1225-1227
Karyaku ‰Ã—ï 1326-1329
Katei ‰Ã’õ 1235-1238
Keian ŒcˆÀ 1648-1652
Keichou Œc’· 1596-1615
Keiou Œc‰ž 1865-1868
Keiun ˜a“º 708-715
Kenchou Œš’· 1249-1256
Ken'ei Œš‰i 1206-1207
Kengen Š£Œ³ 1302-1303
Kenji ŒšŽ¡ 1275-1278
Kenkyuu Œš‹v 1190-1199
Kenmu Œš• 1334-1336
Kennin Œšm 1201-1204
Kenpou Œš•Û 1213-1219
Kenryaku Œš—ï 1211-1213
Kentoku Œš“¿ 1370-1372
Kouan OˆÀ 1278-1288
Kouchou O’· 1261-1264
Kougen NŒ³ 1256-1257
Kouhei N•½ 1058-1065
Kouhou N•Û 964-968
Kouji NŽ¡ 1142-1144
Kouji OŽ¡ 1555-1558
Kouka O‰» 1844-1848
Koukoku ‹»‘ 1340-1346
Kounin Om 810-824
Koushou N³ 1455-1457
Kouwa N˜a 1099-1104
Kouwa O˜a 1381-1384
Kyouhou ‹•Û 1716-1736
Kyouroku ‹˜\ 1528-1532
Kyoutoku ‹“¿ 1452-1455
Kyouwa ‹˜a 1801-1804
Kyuuan ‹vˆÀ 1145-1151
Kyuuju ‹vŽõ 1154-1156
Man'en –œ‰„ 1860-1861
Manji –œŽ¡ 1658-1661
Manju –œŽõ 1024-1028
Meiji –¾Ž¡ 1868-1912
Meiou –¾‰ž 1492-1501
Meireki –¾—ï 1655-1658
Meitoku –¾“¿ 1390-1394
Meiwa –¾˜a 1764-1772
Ninji mŽ¡ 1240-1243
Ninju mŽõ 851-854
Ninna m˜a 885-889
Ninnan mˆÀ 1166-1169
Ninpei m•½ 1151-1154
Ouchou ‰ž’· 1311-1312
Ouei ‰ž‰i 1394-1428
Ouhou ‰ž•Û 1161-1163
Ounin ‰žm 1467-1469
Outoku ‰ž“¿ 1084-1087
Ouwa ‰ž˜a 961-964
Reiki —{˜V 717-724
Ryakunin —ïm 1238-1239
Saikou Ät 854-857
Shouan ³ˆÀ 1171-1175
Shouan ³ˆÀ 1299-1302
Shouchou ³’· 1428-1429
Shouchuu ³’† 1324-1326
Shougen ³Œ³ 1259-1260
Shouhei ³•½ 931-938
Shouhei ³•½ 1346-1370
Shouhou ³•Û 1644-1648
Shouji ³Ž¡ 1199-1201
Shouka ³‰Ã 1257-1259
Shouou ³‰ž 1288-1293
Shouryaku ³—ï 1077-1081
Shouryaku ³—ï 990-995
Shoutai ¹‘× 898-901
Shoutoku ³“¿ 1711-1716
Shouwa ³˜a 834-848
Shouwa º˜a 1926-1989
Shouwa ³˜a 1312-1317
Shuchou ‘å•ó 701-704
Taihou Œc‰_ 704-708
Taika ‘剻 645-650
Taishou ‘吳 1912-1926
Tenchou “V’· 824-834
Ten'ei “V‰i 1110-1113
Ten'en “V‰„ 973-976
Tengen “VŒ³ 978-983
Tengi “VŠì 1053-1058
Tengyou “VŒc 938-947
Tenji “VŽ¡ 1124-1126
Tenju “VŽö 1375-1381
Tenmei “V–¾ 1781-1789
Tenmon “V•¶ 1532-1555
Tenna “V˜a 1681-1684
Tennan “VˆÀ 857-859
Tennin “Vm 1108-1110
Ten'ou “V‰ž 781-782
Ten'you “V—{ 1144-1145
Tenpuku “V•Ÿ 1233-1234
Tenpou “V•Û 1830-1844
Tenpyou “V•½ 729-749
Tenpyou-houji “V•½•óŽš 757-765
Tenpyou-jingo “V•½_Œì 765-767
Tenpyou-kanpou “V•½Š´•ó 749
Tenpyou-shouhou “V•½Ÿ•ó 749-757
Tenroku “V˜\ 970-973
Tenryaku “V—ï 947-957
Tenshou “V³ 1131-1132
Tenshou “V³ 1573-1592
Tentoku “V“¿ 957-961
Tokuji “¿Ž¡ 1306-1308
Wadou —ì‹T 715-717
Yourou _‹T 724-729
Youwa —{˜a 1181-1182
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