Question raised by: Andrei Nakortchevski
Discussants: Gaynor Sekimori, Randle Keller Kimbrough, Sybil Thornton, Hank Glassman, Lewis Cook, Lawrence Marceau
Can somebody recommend any publications concerning use of waka in religious rituals, Shinto or Buddhist? I came across several Shugendo texts with a concise description of entering procedures into sacred spaces by a shugensha, each stage consisting of a specific mudra, mantra and waka. Any reference will be very much appreciated.
Best regards, Andrei Nakortchevski
There is a small article on waka in Shugendo in Miyake's Shugendo Jiten, pp.405 and 406. Here waka are divided into those associated with the En no Gyoja legend, those associated with the Kumano pilgrimage, andthose used during mountain entry rituals. This might be a place to start.
In a short article titled "Chuusei kouki ni okeru waka soku darani no jissen" (_Indogaku Bukkyougaku kenkyuu_ 16, no 1 [December, 1967], 290-92, Yamada Shouzen discusses records of the use of waka as dharani in religious ceremonies in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Hope this helps.
There is an article by Gary Ebersole somewhere on waka and religion. In addition, you should check on the rituals of the Jishu, where waka are still recited at particular rituals.
Ebersole's article is:
Ebersole, Gary. "The Buddhist Ritual Use of Linked Poetry in Medieval Japan." Eastern Buddhist, new series, 16/2 (1983).
Not sure this is on topic or not but Vol. 399 of th [Koten bunko] [waka itoku monogatari] ("Tales of Waka Power"roughly) is a kinsei collection of setsuwa concerning poems which exerted telekinetic, telepathetic, and other preternatural forces. (There's another, somewhat earlier collection in the Koten Bunko of the same genre, sorry I can't find it right now but worth looking for.) Also the voluminous literature of the Kokindenju on sacramental / cryptographic waka waiting to be explored.
Koten bunko 399 contains facsimiles of the texts of _Waka itoku
1689), _Waka kitoku ("miraculous power")_, and _Shichi Komachi monogatari_ (both
late Edo manuscripts).
Koten bunko 402 contains an offset type edition of _Waka itoku
1689), as well as an offset type edition of _Waka toku monogatari_ (mid-Edo
While these texts may not be directly related to the use of
waka in religious
contexts, they do provide evidence of beliefs of the "power" of waka, and the
interest in collections of tales presenting examples of this power. The fact
that _Waka itoku monogatari_ also survives in Nara-emaki form, and was also
reprinted at least once in the eighteenth century attests to the fact that such a
work had a readership.
Date: Mon, 14 Jan 2002 07:58:53 +0900
From: Andriy Nakortchevski
Many thanks to all who responded to my query about waka in rituals
archived 2002/02/21 http://www.meijigakuin.ac.jp/~pmjs